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Marine Corps Launches First Software Factory, Taking Notes from Ukraine

Future Marines need to know how to shoot, move, communicate and code, according to software leaders at the Marine Corps.

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Marine Corps Launch First Software Factory, Taking Notes from Ukraine
U.S. Marine Pfc. Anders Pouliot, a student with Infantry Marine Course 1-23, Infantry Training Battalion, School of Infantry - West, begin a five-day final exercise covering 65 km after an amphibious insert at the Del Mar Boat Basin on Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California, Jan. 23, 2023. IMC is the Marine Corps’ 14-week infantry training course designed to make better trained and more lethal entry-level Marines. Pouliot is a native of Aurora, Colorado. Photo Credit: Lance Cpl. Earik Barton

The Russia-Ukraine war informed the vision of the first U.S. Marines Corps Software Factory launched last week, the factory’s director told GovCIO Media & Research in a new interview.

Future warfare will be “highly lethal, contest, disconnected and pretty ambiguous,” Marine Corps Software Factory Director Lt. Col. Charlie Bahk said, highlighting the need for Marines who can solve problems quickly on the battlefield.

This is where software solutions come into play.

“It’s all about pulling your decision-making cycle as much as possible,” Bahk said. “You want to be faster than the other guy. You want to ingest conditioned and curated data and information from all your sensor networks out on the battlefield; you need to be able to ingest and make sense of that and act on it faster than your adversary. We’re seeing this in the Russia-Ukraine conflict right now, where they have conscripted up to 300,000 software developers to gain the tactical advantage and it’s a little bit of the same mindset. It gives us that ability to utilize organic, active duty and reserve component Marines who have the operational experience that have been serving down at these tactical level units, you know, breathing the same air and chewing the same dirt with these commanders, and truly, intimately understanding these problems and working on solving those problems.”

Software to Meet Mission Needs

The latest software factory within the Defense Department ecosystem highlights an accelerating cultural shift to transform military service members into software developers and engineers who can rapidly prototype new solutions anytime, anywhere to meet mission needs at the speed of relevancy.

The department’s software modernization strategy, released in early 2022, vaulted software factories to the forefront of DOD software innovation and asked all of DOD to follow their lead.

Software factories within the Department of the Air Force, Army and Navy have already impacted defense tech modernization in significant ways.

Air Force CIO Lauren Knausenberger and CTO Jay Bonci credited software factories with helping pave the way to zero trust implementation at the Air Force in recent interviews with GovCIO Media & Research, while Air Force BESPIN Software Factory and Navy Black Pearl Software Factory described how their emphasis on DevSecOps is critical to actualizing DOD’s Joint All-Domain Command-and-Control (JADC2) initiative during a virtual event with GovCIO Media & Research last year.

“To get that speed to warfighter, we have to have that cloud everywhere in the world and have that software on demand,” Knausenberger said at the Air Force Summit last year.

Before the official launch of the Marine Corps’ first software factory, Bahk was leading rapid software development solutions to meet critical mission needs. Last year, the 2nd Marine Division called Bahk asking for a software solution maximizing maritime commercial radar capabilities.

“We scoped the problem to design the solution, built it and then delivered it all within 90 days,” Bahk said. “And then, all the intelligence units across all [Marine Expeditionary Forces] started to use this application, and it gained widespread adoption to where the acquisition community is starting to talk about how to or whether it should be rolled up into an enterprise level solution.”

Bahk wants to replicate this success story through the new software factory. Marines are known for being able to solve problems with limited resources, he said, so the next step is for every uniformed Marine to be able to solve a software problem.

“It’s all about outcomes for Marines, right? It’s all about increasing what’s [valuable] for the Marines at the tactical edge with solutions that are built by Marines, for Marines, and these Marines are there, they’re informed by their operational experience. That’s the secret sauce.”

The new Marine Corps Software Factory aims to align with Deputy Secretary of Defense Kathleen Hicks’ vision for IT modernization at DOD, Bahk added.

“We are a part of a broader ecosystem. She wanted a department-wide, modernized software development ecosystem,” he said. “And, you know, with all of the different software factories across all the different services within the DOD, we are all a part of that ecosystem. And they take it seriously. [We] keep each other informed on what the latest is because this is the new frontier.”

Supporting a Stronger Workforce

The new software factory also aims to address current workforce gaps at DOD, such as the cyber workforce, by upskilling Marines. The DOD OCIO recently released a cyber workforce strategy to address recruitment and retention challenges with DOD civilians and service members, highlighting competition with industry as a major challenge but also an opportunity to upskill and retrain civilians and service members to increase their value.

“We haven’t done a good job of that in the past,” said Patrick Johnson, who leads DOD’s Workforce Innovation Directorate, during a call with reporters March 9. “We’re not going to hire our way out of this. It’s time to grow our own, build our bench and bring on more entry level positions and train them.”

Marketing the mission is a big selling point for recruitment and retention according to DOD workforce leaders, including the Chief Digital and AI Officer, Dr. Craig Martell.

“This [software factory] provides an opportunity for our Marines to learn very tangible and valued skillsets alongside industry experts,” Bahk said. “They’re all doing this while they’re executing a mission that increases with value to the service and also makes them marketable to industry. What we’re seeing with the Army Software Factory is that if you give service members the opportunity to do meaningful work, you know, tied to a mission that matters, they’re more apt to staying in, and we’re seeing that empirically. Moving forward, we would love for the Marine Corps Software Factory to be an opportunity that’s available to any Marine because that diversity of operational experience is very important and enriches this solution development process for Marine problems at the tactical edge.”

According to a popular Marine tagline, every Marine should know how to shoot, move and communicate, Bahk said. But a good friend of Bahk’s, Lt. Col. Sam Gray, came up with a new motto to represent the future of the Marine Corps more accurately with the launch of the new software factory.

“In the future, Gray said every Marine should know how to shoot, move, communicate and code,” Bahk said.

Editor’s Note: This story was updated to clarify the rollout of Bahk’s software solutions across Marine Expeditionary Forces.

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